Recognizing Ignaz Semmelwei and Handwashing from Google Doodle and World Health Organization.
Global partners to increase access to safe drinking water, adequate sanitation and appropriate hygiene.
General recommendations for routine cleaning and disinfection of households
Help protect yourself and your family to stay healthy.
Antibacterial Soap? You Can Skip It, Use Plain Soap and Water
Handwashing information from CDC:
Handwashing is one of the best ways to protect yourself and your family from getting sick. Learn when and how you should wash your hands to stay healthy.
Wash Your Hands Often to Stay Healthy
You can help yourself and your loved ones stay healthy by washing your hands often, especially during these key times when you are likely to get and spread germs:
Follow Five Steps to Wash Your Hands the Right Way
Washing your hands is easy, and it’s one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of germs. Clean hands can stop germs from spreading from one person to another and throughout an entire community—from your home and workplace to childcare facilities and hospitals.
FOLLOW THESE FIVE (5) STEPS EVERYTIME
1. Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold), turn off the tap, and apply soap.
2. Lather your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. Lather the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails.
3. Scrub your hands for at least 20 seconds. Need a timer? Hum the “Happy Birthday” song from beginning to end twice.
4. Rinse your hands well under clean, running water.
5. Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry them.
Use Hand Sanitizer When You Can’t Use Soap and Water
Caution! Swallowing alcohol-based hand sanitizers can cause alcohol poisoning if more than a couple of mouthfuls are swallowed. Keep it out of reach of young children and supervise their use. Learn more here in CDC article: Show Me the Science – When & How to Use Hand Sanitizer in Community Settings
Most important: Keep calm and wash your hands.
Recognizing Ignaz Semmelweis and Handwashing. Today’s Doodle follows the official recommendation on how to properly wash your hands from the World Health Organization.
The practice of washing one's hands was first proposed in 1847 by Dr. Ignaz Semmelweis, a German-Hungarian physician and scientist known as the " pioneer of antiseptic procedures ." Google Doodle animates how to prevent spreading disease and how to wash your hands while recognizing Semmelweis. As chief resident in the maternity clinic of the Vienna General Hospital, where he concluded that he and the medical students carried "cadaverous particles" on their hands from the autopsy room to the patients they examined in the First Obstetrical Clinic. This explained why the student midwives in the Second Clinic, who were not engaged in autopsies and had no contact with corpses, saw a much lower mortality rate. He discovered a link between transmitted germs and a high mortality rate in new mothers.
The two clinics used identical techniques, so the cause was baffling. Semmelweis ordered students and doctors to wash their hands in a solution of chlorinated lime before each examination. Here are his results: In May of 1847, the death rate of pregnant women at the clinic was 18.3% when he implemented hand washing. In July, just a few short months later, the rate dropped to 1.2%.
Semmelweis, years later, became known as the 'savior of mothers', died in 1865 at the age of 47, just 14 days after being committed to an asylum. There, he suffered a beating by guards that resulted in an infected hand, which may have caused his death.
See more information on how to clean and disinfect from CDC:
Cleaning refers to the removal of germs, dirt, and impurities from surfaces. Cleaning does not kill germs, but by removing them, it lowers their numbers and the risk of spreading infection.
Disinfecting refers to using chemicals to kill germs on surfaces. This process does not necessarily clean dirty surfaces or remove germs, but by killing germs on a surface after cleaning, it can further lower the risk of spreading infection.
How to Clean & Disinfect
General Recommendations for Routine Cleaning and Disinfection of Households (including ill person care)
General Recommendations for Routine Cleaning and Disinfection of Households
How to Clean and Disinfect Surfaces:
CLEAN PRIOR TO DISINFECTING:
3 CHOICES FOR DISINFECTANT:
WORKING WITH BLEACH AS DISINFECTANT:
WORKING WITH EPA-APPROVED PATHOGENS AS DISINFECTANT:
Clothing, towels, linens and other items that go in the laundry
Most important: Keep calm and wash your hands.
Partners around the U.S. and the world to promote handwashing in a variety of settings. Visit their websites for more information and resources.